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Georgia – Geography

Village Zhabeshi, Georgia - Image courtesy of Gogi Bedenashvili - CC-2.0

Village Zhabeshi, Georgia – Image courtesy of Gogi Bedenashvili – CC-2.0
More Images By Gogi Bedenashvili

Georgia – Location

Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia, with a sliver of land north of the Caucasus extending into Europe; note – Georgia views itself as part of Europe

Georgia – Geographic coordinates
42 00 N, 43 30 E

Georgia – Map references
Middle East

Georgia – Area

total: 69,700 sq km
land: 69,700 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area – comparative – slightly smaller than South Carolina

Land boundaries: total: 1,461 km
Border countries: Armenia 164 km, Azerbaijan 322 km, Russia 723 km, Turkey 252 km

Coastline: 310 km

Georgia’s Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Georgia’s Climate

warm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast

Georgia’s Terrain

largely mountainous with Great Caucasus Mountains in the north and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in the south; Kolkhet’is Dablobi (Kolkhida Lowland) opens to the Black Sea in the west; Mtkvari River Basin in the east; good soils in river valley flood plains, foothills of Kolkhida Lowland

Georgia – Elevation extremes

lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
highest point: Mt’a Shkhara 5,201 m

Georgia – Natural resources

timber, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth

Georgia – Land use

arable land: 5.94%
permanent crops: 1.65%
other: 92.41% (2011)

Irrigated land
4,328 sq km (2007)
Total renewable water resources
63.33 cu km (2011)

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
total: 1.81 cu km/yr (20%/22%/58%)
per capita: 410.6 cu m/yr (2005)

Georgia – Natural hazards


Georgia – Environment

Environment – current issues

air pollution, particularly in Rust’avi; heavy pollution of Mtkvari River and the Black Sea; inadequate supplies of potable water; soil pollution from toxic chemicals

Environment – international agreement

party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Georgia – Geography – note

strategically located east of the Black Sea; Georgia controls much of the Caucasus Mountains and the routes through them

Citation styles

APA style
Georgia – Geography. (2014, November 9). In ClassBrain Country Reports. Retrieved 09:13, October 23, 2017, from
MLA style
classbrain, “Georgia – Geography.” ClassBrain Country Reports. 9 November 2014, 17:49 UTC. ClassBrain, Inc. 23 Oct 2017 <>.
MHRA style
classbrain, 'Georgia – Geography', ClassBrain Country Reports, 9 November 2014, 17:49 UTC, <> [accessed 23 October 2017]
The Chicago Manual of Style
classbrain, “Georgia – Geography.” ClassBrain Country Reports, [accessed October 23, 2017].
CBE/CSE style
classbrain, Georgia – Geography [Internet]. ClassBrain Country Reports; 2014 November 9, 17:49 UTC [cited 2017 Oct 23]. Available from:
Bluebook style
Georgia – Geography, (last visited Oct. 23, 2017).
AMA style
classbrain, Georgia – Geography. ClassBrain Country Reports. November 9, 2014, 17:49 UTC. Available at: Accessed October 23, 2017.

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