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Georgia – A Brief Overview

Ancient Georgia

The region of present day Georgia contained the ancient kingdoms of Colchis and Kartli-Iberia. The area came under Roman influence in the first centuries A.D., and Christianity became the state religion in the 330s. Domination by Persians, Arabs, and Turks was followed by a Georgian golden age (11th-13th centuries) that was cut short by the Mongol invasion of 1236. Subsequently, the Ottoman and Persian empires competed for influence in the region.

TBILISI, Country of Georgia, June 20, 2013 - Narikala Fortress, dating from the 4th century, dominates the skyline above Tbilisi. Image courtesy of the Georgia National Guard. CC-2.0

TBILISI, Country of Georgia, June 20, 2013 – Narikala Fortress, dating from the 4th century, dominates the skyline above Tbilisi. Image courtesy of the Georgia National Guard. CC-2.0

Georgia & The Rose Revolution

 

Georgia was absorbed into the Russian Empire in the 19th century. Independent for three years (1918-1921) following the Russian revolution, it was forcibly incorporated into the USSR in 1921.  Georgia regained its independence when the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991. Mounting public discontent over rampant corruption and ineffective government services, followed by an attempt by the incumbent Georgian Government to manipulate national legislative elections in November 2003 touched off widespread protests that led to the resignation of Eduard SHEVARDNADZE, president since 1995. This uprising became known as the “Rose Revolution”

Georgia and Russian Conflicts

 

New elections in early 2004 swept Mikheil SAAKASHVILI into power along with his United National Movement (UNM) party.  Progress on market reforms and democratization has been made in the years since independence, but this progress has been complicated by Russian assistance and support to the separatist regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

Periodic flare-ups in tension and violence culminated in a five-day conflict in August 2008 between Russia and Georgia, including the invasion of large portions of undisputed Georgian territory. Russian troops pledged to pull back from most occupied Georgian territory, but in late August 2008 Russia unilaterally recognized the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, and Russian military forces remain in those regions.

Georgian Dream

 

Billionaire philanthropist Bidzina IVANISHVILI’s unexpected entry into politics in October 2011 brought the divided opposition together under his Georgian Dream coalition, which won a majority of seats in the October 2012 parliamentary election and removed UNM from power. Conceding defeat, SAAKASHVILI named IVANISHVILI as prime minister and allowed Georgian Dream to create a new government. Georgian Dream’s Giorgi MARGVELASHVILI was inaugurated as president on 17 November 2013, ending a tense year of power-sharing between SAAKASHVILI and IVANISHVILI. IVANISHVILI voluntarily resigned from office after the presidential succession, and Georgia’s legislature on 20 November 2013 confirmed Irakli GARIBASHVILI as his replacement.

Citation styles

APA style
Georgia – A Brief Overview. (2014, November 9). In ClassBrain Country Reports. Retrieved 21:17, October 21, 2017, from http://www.classbraincountryreports.com/georgia-a-brief-overview/
MLA style
classbrain, “Georgia – A Brief Overview.” ClassBrain Country Reports. 9 November 2014, 16:17 UTC. ClassBrain, Inc. 21 Oct 2017 <http://www.classbraincountryreports.com/georgia-a-brief-overview/>.
MHRA style
classbrain, 'Georgia – A Brief Overview', ClassBrain Country Reports, 9 November 2014, 16:17 UTC, <http://www.classbraincountryreports.com/georgia-a-brief-overview/> [accessed 21 October 2017]
The Chicago Manual of Style
classbrain, “Georgia – A Brief Overview.” ClassBrain Country Reports, http://www.classbraincountryreports.com/georgia-a-brief-overview/ [accessed October 21, 2017].
CBE/CSE style
classbrain, Georgia – A Brief Overview [Internet]. ClassBrain Country Reports; 2014 November 9, 16:17 UTC [cited 2017 Oct 21]. Available from: http://www.classbraincountryreports.com/georgia-a-brief-overview/.
Bluebook style
Georgia – A Brief Overview, http://www.classbraincountryreports.com/georgia-a-brief-overview/ (last visited Oct. 21, 2017).
AMA style
classbrain, Georgia – A Brief Overview. ClassBrain Country Reports. November 9, 2014, 16:17 UTC. Available at: http://www.classbraincountryreports.com/georgia-a-brief-overview/. Accessed October 21, 2017.

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