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Gaza Strip – A Brief Historic Overview

Gaza in Ancient Times

Inhabited since at least the 15th century B.C., Gaza has been dominated by many different peoples and empires throughout its history; it was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in the early 16th century.

The Gaza Strip - Image courtesy of the Israel Defense Forces CC-2.0

The Gaza Strip – Image courtesy of the Israel Defense Forces CC-2.0

Gaza Strip in the 20th Century

Gaza fell to British forces during World War I, becoming a part of the British Mandate of Palestine. Following the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, Egypt administered the newly formed Gaza Strip; it was captured by Israel in the Six-Day War with Egypt in 1967. Under a series of agreements signed between 1994 and 1999, Israel transferred to the Palestinian Authority (PA) security and civilian responsibility for many Palestinian-populated areas of the Gaza Strip as well as the West Bank.

The Peace Process and the Gaza Strip

Negotiations to determine the permanent status of the West Bank and Gaza Strip stalled after the outbreak of an intifada in mid- 2000. In early 2003, the “Quartet” of the US, EU, UN, and Russia, presented a roadmap to a final peace settlement by 2005, calling for two states – Israel and a democratic Palestine. Following Palestinian leader Yasir ARAFAT’s death in late 2004 and the subsequent election of Mahmud ABBAS (head of the Fatah political party) as the PA president, Israel and the PA agreed to move the peace process forward. Israel in late 2005 unilaterally withdrew all of its settlers and soldiers and dismantled its military facilities in the Gaza Strip, but continues to control maritime, airspace, and other access. In early 2006, the Islamic Resistance Movement, HAMAS, won the Palestinian Legislative Council election and took control of the PA government.

Renewed Violence in the Gaza Strip

Attempts to form a unity government failed, and violent clashes between Fatah and HAMAS supporters ensued, culminating in HAMAS’s violent seizure of all military and governmental institutions in the Gaza Strip. Fatah and HAMAS in early 2011 agreed to reunify the Gaza Strip and West Bank, but the factions have struggled to implement details on governance and security. Brief periods of increased violence between Israel and Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip in 2007-08 and again in 2012, both led to Egyptian-brokered truces. The status quo remains with HAMAS in control of the Gaza Strip and the PA governing the West Bank.

Citation styles

APA style
Gaza Strip – A Brief Historic Overview. (2014, November 9). In ClassBrain Country Reports. Retrieved 09:12, October 24, 2017, from http://www.classbraincountryreports.com/gaza-strip-a-brief-historic-overview/
MLA style
classbrain, “Gaza Strip – A Brief Historic Overview.” ClassBrain Country Reports. 9 November 2014, 17:12 UTC. ClassBrain, Inc. 24 Oct 2017 <http://www.classbraincountryreports.com/gaza-strip-a-brief-historic-overview/>.
MHRA style
classbrain, 'Gaza Strip – A Brief Historic Overview', ClassBrain Country Reports, 9 November 2014, 17:12 UTC, <http://www.classbraincountryreports.com/gaza-strip-a-brief-historic-overview/> [accessed 24 October 2017]
The Chicago Manual of Style
classbrain, “Gaza Strip – A Brief Historic Overview.” ClassBrain Country Reports, http://www.classbraincountryreports.com/gaza-strip-a-brief-historic-overview/ [accessed October 24, 2017].
CBE/CSE style
classbrain, Gaza Strip – A Brief Historic Overview [Internet]. ClassBrain Country Reports; 2014 November 9, 17:12 UTC [cited 2017 Oct 24]. Available from: http://www.classbraincountryreports.com/gaza-strip-a-brief-historic-overview/.
Bluebook style
Gaza Strip – A Brief Historic Overview, http://www.classbraincountryreports.com/gaza-strip-a-brief-historic-overview/ (last visited Oct. 24, 2017).
AMA style
classbrain, Gaza Strip – A Brief Historic Overview. ClassBrain Country Reports. November 9, 2014, 17:12 UTC. Available at: http://www.classbraincountryreports.com/gaza-strip-a-brief-historic-overview/. Accessed October 24, 2017.

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